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The Plains Warbonnet: Its Story and Construction - by Barry Hardin, Published by Crazy Crow Trading Post
IT'S FINALLY HERE!
Crazy Crow Trading Post is proud to announce the arrival of it's latest publishing project, The Plains Warbonnet: Its Story and Construction by Barry Hardin. This book has been in the works for years, and is the result of a ton of research and contributions from many fine craftspersons. We've created a preview of several pages for you to get an idea of the quality of the construction detail, historical images, as well as contemporary photos of the warbonnet you're sure to want to make yourself.
Preview Book
Pow Wow Dance Clothes & Accessories
Rendezvous Clothing & Accessories

Native American Indian Moccasins

Ready-Made Moccasins  •  Moccasin Making Books & Videos
Moccasin Kits  •  Moccasin Making Supplies  •  Online Resources

C R A F T    F O C U S    on    M O C C A S I N S

Native American Moccasin Making

Evolution of Moccasin Styles

Native American moccasin design evolved to suit the environment of each tribe's habitat. Hard-sole moccasins, usually made from two or more pieces of hide, are often associated with the western plains and deserts areas. The hard sole of shaped rawhide and fitted leather upper required more tailoring than other types of moccasins, extra work required to protect feet from harsh ground cover. Soft-soled moccasins, often made from a single piece of leather were common in the Eastern Forests. Some soft-soled moccasins from the Plains and Northwest Coast were made from one piece but they were sewed along one the side of the foot rather than the center, as were their Eastern counterparts.

Making Native American Moccasins

Regardless of the type moccasins you wish to make, we have tried to assemble all the available online links and resources to help with the task. As additional information is found or created, we will add it in order to keep this reference current. In addition to the Web resources, we also highlight related products offered by Crazy Crow to make your moccasin craft project easier and the results more assured.

Crazy Crow Trading Post

O N L I N E    R E F E R E N C ECrazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Overview of Native American Footwear - Moccasins

Native Tech: Discussion of history and origin of Native American footwear. Includes sketch of construction techniques of different styles and overview of materials used in construction and decoration.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Map of North America with Native American Varieties of Moccasins

Native Tech: Map image displays type moccasins by tribal location. Link links to view photo samples of individual moccasins by tribe/location. Fun and informative graphic aid.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

How to Make Moccasins and Mukluks

How to make a pair of woodlands style moccasins with fur trim. A free pattern is available in a woman's size 7 (as a PDF file - you will need Acrobat to view).

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Instructions for One-Piece, Soft-Sole, Center-Seam Moccasins

Native Tech: Step-by-step instructions for making your own paper pattern and one-piece, soft-sole, center-seam moccasins.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Soft Sole Plains Moccasins - Conservation Commission of Missouri

Instructions & diagrams for making 1-piece soft sole plains moccasins as would be seen in Missouri in the early 1800s. Part of a series of craft projects presented on this organization's website.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

History of Shoshone-Bannock Indian Art: Continuity & Change in the Northern Rockies

Beadwork is the best-known art form of Wind River and Fort Hall Shoshones and Bannocks. It is an enduring tradition, but one that has evolved over time. Materials, styles, colors, patterns, symbolism and other characteristics reflect the environment of the beader at the time she or he created their work. This is as true for modern beadworkers as it was in the 19th century. Today, beadwork can literally adorn almost any object, including watch bands, key fobs, baseball caps, wallets, belts, dresses, vests, sport shoes, etc. More traditional forms, of course, include powwow regalia--beaded buckskin dresses, moccasins, traditional pouches and teepee storage bags, leggings, etc.

This page of thumbnails is linked to some of the earliest examples of Shoshone-Bannock beadwork found on clothing and moccasins. Beadwork Index Page 2 provide links to geometric designs on items such as knife sheaths, bags and pouches, pipe bags, and other decorated items. One of the key features of early Shoshone-Bannock beadwork is the overwhelming preference for four basic colors: white, green, blue, and cobalt.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Maas Collection of Native Americana - Moccasin Gallery

Online galleries of both museumquality collections and quality reproductions,including Hopewell pipes, axes& celts, points, bead work, baskets, pottery, and more. This is a private collection, offering many close-up images of beadwork, moccasins (Crow & Cree) and other crafts.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Arapaho Moccasins

From the Museum and Research Center of the American Mountain Men: Article from Tomahawk & Long Rifle. Detailed sketches and description of moccasins, circa 1900.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Brilliantly Beaded - Northeastern Native American Beadwork: Moccasins

The moccasins assembled in this collection represent three distinct forms - a Micmac, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy and Penobscot style in which a wide vamp (toe) is pucker stitched to the sole and the heel portion has a vertical seam up the back; an Iroquoian form in which the heel seams form an upside down “T”; and a Great Lakes type in which a center seam runs down the top of the moccasin.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Judy Kavanagh's Moccasins Collection Gallery

Moccasins from her personal collection, mostly soft-sole, Woodlands. Other galleries are available on this website as well, including Plains moccasins and mukluks.

Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

Crazy Crow Trading Post

Native American Moccasins - Related Products

The following items are used in the above-article, or may provide added reference and helpful information.

Crazy Crow Trading Post

M A T E R I A L S   &    S U P P L I E S      Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear
Crazy Crow Trading Post - indian moccasin, moccasin pattern, moccasin kit, leather moccasin, tall moccasin, indian footwear, native american footwear

  Click any link below to view detailed product and ordering information.

Crazy Crow Trading Post

Leather for Moccasin Uppers
  • Buckskin - Commercial Tan - white, gold, willow; sizes from 4-6 sf - 14-16 sf
  • Smoked German-Tan Buckskin - best quality for moccasins & clothes
  • Elk Hides - white, gold; sizes from 10-13 sf - 16-19 sf
  • Cowhide - various types & grades; good substitute for more expensive deer & elk
Clothing Material - leather, furs, cloth, feathers

Leather for Moccasin Soles
  • Moccasin Soles: White Latigo - heavy leather, approx 1/4" thick; tough & long wearing
  • White Latigo Sides - avg size 20-22 sf; great idea if doing lots of mocs
Clothing Material - leather, furs, cloth, feathers

Needles • Thread • Lacing
  • Glovers Needles - heavy needles with sharp triangular edges for sewing hides
  • Sharps Needles - short, stiff needles best suited for lazy stich or applique beading
  • Genuine Sinew - clean & ready for use in craft projects - the 'original' thread!
  • Simulated Sinew - excellent substitute for the real thing, extremely strong
Clothing Material - leather, furs, cloth, feathers

Seed Beads
  • Czech Seed Beads - 10/0 - 14/0 sizes

'Tin' Cones
  • Genuine Tin Cones - sizes: ¾", 1", 1-1/8", 1¼"
  • Aluminum Cones - sizes: ¾", 1", 1-1/8", 1¼"
  • Brass Cones - sizes: ¾", 1", 1-1/8", 1¼"
Clothing Material - leather, furs, cloth, feathers

Tools
  • Scissors - assorted styles, high carbon stainless scissors make cutting leather
  • Bead Graph Paper - developed by Crazy Crow for lazy stitch used on moccasins
Clothing Material - leather, furs, cloth, feathers


Crazy Crow Trading Post



Moccasin Suede Cowhide (7-9 sf)
Code: 1610-926-007
Price: $39.75
For making most styles of moccasins, this is an excellent substitute for the more expensive buckskin or elk. It is a tough, fairly heavy hide that wears well and has long been a popular hide for moccasins. Sueded on both sides, shades vary occasionally but we usually have this in a buckskin color. Sizes range from 7 to 9 square feet.

Constructing Woodland Moccasins - DVD
Code: 4085-001-002
Price: $25.00
Michael Galban - This excellent video teaches all the techniques to make both center-seam and wide vamp, pucker-toe Woodland Indian style mocs. From pattern making to stitching, moccasin making is shown and described in step-by-step details that will help you make great looking and authentic Eastern-style, soft-sole moccasins. 70 mins.

Moccasin Making - DVD - Frank White - Moccasins
Code: 4085-001-003
Price: $19.95
This excellent 55 minute presentation by Frank White is the perfect companion for our upcoming Native American Moccasins: A Craft Manual, on which it was based. The complete, step-by-step method of making a pair of side-seam moccasins is demonstrated here in great, close-up detail. Also shown and discussed are necessary tools and supplies, pattern making, leather names and types, and advanced sewing techniques. By using this video, you will easily be able to make a nice pair of moccasins that actually fit!

How to Make Moccasins - Plains Indian Hard Sole (DVD)
Code: 4085-002-033
Price: $19.95

Native American Video: How to Make Moccasins

This excellent video is a must for anyone making an authentic pair of Plains style, Cheyenne hard sole moccasins, long considered the Cadillac of American Indian footwear. Great close-ups of important steps reveal the techniques of Annabelle Medicine Chips, a highly accomplished Cheyenne/Caddo moccasin maker, as you are guided step-by-step through each phase of construction.

Emphasis on various other American Indian tribal styles is also included, along with many different techniques, tips and tricks on moccasin making. 30 Min.

Other Reference

Native American Indian Moccasins: Craft Focus Article by Crazy Crow Trading Post

Native American Moccasin & Footwear Gallery by Crazy Crow Trading Post

Typical Native American Tribal Bead Color Preferences


CHEYENNE MOCCASIN CHARACTERISTICS by Michael Kostelnik - Indian Lore Seminar DVD
Code: 4085-007-003
Price: $25.00

Cheyenne Moccasin Characteristics features a very informative discussion by expert moccasin maker and beadworker, Michael Kostelnik, who has made over 100 pairs of moccasins. He discusses the important features and characteristics that distinguish between Northern & Southern Cheyenne Moccasins and the materials needed to make them. 90 minutes.

The Indian Lore Seminar series features recorded seminars from some of the masters of Indian crafts. Neither edited nor condensed each presentation gives you the full experience of being there and learning with the participants.

Selected for quality, content and authenticity they will help you learn all about Native American & Buckskinning craft techniques, outfits, dance styles and much more. To help you improve your skills and knowledge, nothing is better than observing and learning first hand from an master craftsperson in the field, sharing the tips & techniques gained over many years of experience.


MOCCASIN CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES by Michael Kostelnik - Indian Lore Seminar Series DVD
Code: 4085-007-004
Price: $25.00

Moccasin Construction Techniques After making over 100 pair of Cheyenne style moccasins, expert Michael Kostelnik shares his valuable insight on material selection, patterns, layout, designs, construction and decoration, while covering the actual step-by-step making of moccasins. These techniques and handy tips are of great benefit to anyone making any type of Plains, hard-sole moccasin, regardless of tribe. 110 minutes.

The Indian Lore Seminar series features recorded seminars from some of the masters of Indian crafts. Neither edited nor condensed each presentation gives you the full experience of being there and learning with the participants.

Selected for quality, content and authenticity they will help you learn all about Native American & Buckskinning craft techniques, outfits, dance styles and much more. To help you improve your skills and knowledge, nothing is better than observing and learning first hand from an master craftsperson in the field, sharing the tips & techniques gained over many years of experience.


CHEYENNE MOCCASIN MAKING - Gary Scholl - Indian Lore Seminar DVD
Code: 4085-007-013
Price: $25.00

Drawing on his extensive experience in researching and making Cheyenne style moccasins, along with knowledge gained from his highly-skilled Cheyenne friends, Gary presents a comprehensive overview of moccasin characteristics. Showcasing many examples from his personal collection, he shares interesting anecdotes about each pair. Complete with visual instructions, and practical tips & tricks, he teaches you how to construct a fine pair of hard-sole moccasins. Materials for uppers and soles, tools, pattern making, cutting, sewing techniques, turning and beading are all covered in great detail and shown in excellent close-ups. These traditional techniques are easily grasped so that you can make a great pair of traditional moccasins. 66 minutes.

The Indian Lore Seminar series features recorded seminars from some of the masters of Indian crafts. Neither edited nor condensed each presentation gives you the full experience of being there and learning with the participants.

Selected for quality, content and authenticity they will help you learn all about Native American & Buckskinning craft techniques, outfits, dance styles and much more. To help you improve your skills and knowledge, nothing is better than observing and learning first hand from an master craftsperson in the field, sharing the tips & techniques gained over many years of experience.


Beads & Beadwork of the American Indians
Code: 4103-006-086
Price: $16.95
Orchard - First published in 1929, this is the classic reference on American Indian beadwork, beginning with primitive beadmaking techniques, tools and materials (shell, bone, stone, metal, etc.). Features numerous photos of clothing articles and tools, plus a multitude of techniques and variations employed by Native Americans, such as loom, heddle, lazy stitch, side-stitch, edging, overlay, & net or gourd-stitch, shown. 168 pages, 41 photos (16 in color), 136 illustrations. SC.

Whispering Wind Craft Annual #5
Code: 4105-045-119
Price: $7.00
Jingle Dress Construction & History, Southern Plains Men's Moccasin Construction, Flat Fan Construction and Copper Bracelets. 46 pages, with 53 color & b/w photos & 60 illustrations.

About Whispering Wind Craft Annuals... An excellent series focusing on American Indian crafts, first published in Whispering Wind Magazine, and reproduced here in original form. Each contains numerous articles by well-known authors, with excellent photographs, step-by-step instructions on making the items listed and all are fully illustrated. Soft Cover.


Taos Trapper Moccasins
Code: 4511-102
Price: $135.00

These exceptionally high-quality moccasins are the most authentic old-style southwest Indian footwear available. They're perfect for the Taos Trapper, as well as everyday use. Completely hand-sewn and constructed with thick, rugged leather soles and cowhide uppers. When broken in, these mocs will mold so comfortably to your feet, they'll feel like socks. You'll get years of wear, whether working in the woods or around the house. Ideal for men or women and available in sizes 5 through 12.


North Woods Moccasins
Code: 4511-201
Price: $115.00

Our popular high-top moccasins are based on actual examples worn by trading company employees and civilians, documented from the early 1800s. The early ones were "solier de bouf" or ox hide shoes, while ours are made from more comfortable, soft-tanned moose hide. The thick leather, sewn sueded side out, resembles hand-tanned hide, while the high-tops afford rugged protection. And - the best part! - these have double soles, in between which is a thick inner sole cushion! Expect long wear from the double-stitched soles with tall heel flap, just like the originals. At last, you can have both authentic-looking footwear AND comfort.


Plains Style Moccasin Pattern
Code: 4799-500-010
Price: $8.95
Plains Style Moccasin Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

This was standard wear for Eastern woodsmen from the French & Indian War until well after the Revolution. Includes several options for cuffs, cape and fringe treatment. Sizes M, L, XL and XXL.

About Your Plains Style Moccasin Pattern

The Indians of the Plains and Plateau areas wore this very basic, hardsole type moccasin, which developed out of necessity as protection from the hard, and sometimes, rocky ground of the prairie that was their home. Normally constructed with soft tanned elk or buckskin uppers and supple, but tough, rawhide soles, they represent the most highly refined form of Native American footwear. Today, they remain a popular style of moccasin and are both comfortable and durable for dancing, camping or everyday wear.

Since the Cheyenne moccasin makers have been the acknowledged masters of the art for years, we have chosen to present the typical Cheyenne style of cut and construction in this pattern. Other tribal variations are easily adapted using this basic hardsole moccasin design.

The two most challenging aspects of moccasin making are achieving a proper fit and an authentic style. The highly detailed instructions, illustrations and other information contained in this pattern represent many years of research and "hands-on" learning of how to make moccasins the Indian way. We would like to extend our deepest appreciation to Nellie Stevens, Barry Hardin and Carl Jennings for their generous assistance in the development of this pattern.

Notions & Tools

Scissors, wax and simulated or genuine sinew, and beads or porcupine quills, if desired for decoration. A sharp awl is also necessary for moccasin making, along with a glovers needle for easy stitching through leather.

Suggested Materials

Ideally, Indian-tanned buckskin or elk is used for the uppers, welt (a narrow lace that is sewn between the upper & sole), and laces, but any soft, commercially tanned leather (including elk, buckskin, split cowhide, etc. in a 4-5oz. weight is very good). Soles can be made of hand-prepared rawhide (especially for moccasin soles), or 8-10 oz. white latigo or strap leather. Genuine sinew (a thread-like muscle from the leg or back of an animal) is best for sewing on the soles, but simulated sinew is an excellent substitute and is somewhat easier to work with.

Material Requirements

Material Requirements: Plains Style Moccasin Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

Plains Hi-Top Moccasin Pattern
Code: 4799-500-011
Price: $8.95

This was standard wear for Eastern woodsmen from the French & Indian War until well after the Revolution. Includes several options for cuffs, cape and fringe treatment. Sizes M, L, XL and XXL.

Plains Hi-Top Moccasin Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

About Your Plains Hi-Top Moccasin Pattern

Often referred to as boots by non-Indians, these high topped moccasins were being worn by Plains and Plateau Indian women by the early 1800s. They were particularly popular on the Southern Plains where, during the mid-1800s, the style was refined to perfection by the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho, and Apache. A Southern Arapaho womans example from the late reservation period is on our cover. Apache men also wore a variation of this knee-high style.

By the 1850s, and perhaps earlier, sole material for these high-topped moccasins had mostly evolved from soft leather to Indian-prepared rawhide, although even today some tribes still use the soft sole. The rawhide, however, made moccasins more comfortable and durable, being better adapted to the rocky and cactus-strewn ground of the Plains. Smoked, brain-tanned buckskin was the most common material for the vamp and upper parts of the moccasin. In the buffalo days, the high tops of some tribes actually extended well above the knee, secured by a garter. This allowed more complete protection for the womans lower leg while on horseback.

Today, high tops are still a popular style of moccasin for many Plains and Plateau tribes. Comanche and Kiowa women refer to these moccasins as leggings. Since Cheyenne moccasin makers are acknowledged masters of the moccasin making art, we have chosen to present techniques of construction that are typically Southern Cheyenne, while also including mention of style differences worn by the Kiowa, Comanche, and Southern Arapaho. An elaborately beaded Cheyenne example is shown in the left photo below. Crow, Assiniboine, and other Northern women have a similar style, but it is not covered in these instructions.

You should note that variations in construction and decoration exist from tribe to tribe, and you are encouraged to research these tribal distinctions. Today, there is a wealth of available material with photo examples. Some recommended books in print are Beadwork Techniques of the Native Americans by Scott Sutton; Mythos Wild West: The Brundle Collection; and Whispering Winds Crafts Annual #6. Your local library may have out-of-print books that will prove helpful. However, most books have limited examples, so, if possible, visit the many on-line museum sites that have numerous excellent photos. A good place to start is the American Museum of Natural History.

We would like to extend special thanks to Carl Jennings, Barry Hardin, and the late Nellie Stevens for their help in developing this pattern.

Notions & Tools

Simulated sinew or genuine sinew & beads or porcupine quills if desired for decoration. A sharp awl is also necessary for moccasin making , along with a glovers needle for easy stitching through leather.

Material Requirements

Note: *As buckskin is a natural material, hides are usually shaped somewhat irregularly. The chart above shows two options for selecting your buckskin. The first is based on using one large hide for uppers, leggings, etc. and the second is based on using two smaller hides. The sizes are approximate and may vary according to the actual shape of your hide.

Material Requirements: Plains Hi-Top Moccasin Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

Ideally, Indian-tanned buckskin is used for the uppers, welts (a narrow soft strap sewn between the upper and sole), and laces. However, any soft commercially tanned leather (including elk, buckskin, and split cowhide) in a 4-5 oz. weight is very good.

Soles can be made of rawhide that is hand-prepared especially for moccasin soles or 8-10 oz. latigo or strap leather. Genuine sinew (a thread-like material prepared from long tendons) is best for sewing on the soles, but simulated sinew is an excellent substitute, being easier to use.


Cherokee/Southeastern Moccasins Pattern
Code: 4799-500-021
Price: $8.95

About Your Cherokee / Southeastern Moccasin Pattern

The soft sole, one-piece center-seam moccasin was the most common type of the Southeastern tribes, predominantly the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and Creek. Their footwear is all remarkably similar, with only small variations in construction details, and it appears that their moccasins were virtually unchanged from the 1700s through the 1800s. This Missouri River product provides patterns and information so you may make everyday and dress moccasins suitable for any of these tribes during this period.

Cherokee / Southeastern Moccasin Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

Notions & Tools

You will need the following: Simulated (or genuine) sinew or strong linen cord for sewing. Optional decorations: ribbon, beads, or pucupine quills for decoration. Ribbon: Moccasins reserved for dress occasions often were decorated with ribbon binding in addition to quill or beadwork. We recommend a minimum of 4 yards of 1" ribbons for this option. Tools: Sharp scissors or knife, awl, & Glover's needles.

Material Requirements

Buckskin: There are 6 different cuff options for your moccasins, and the cuffs and body of the shoe are all one piece. Since the cuff sizes vary in addition to the range of shoe sizes, it is difficult to recommend just how much buckskin you will need until the cuffs are chosen. However, a 6-8 square foot buckskin is sufficient for men's sizes 4 through 12 and women's 5 through 10.

Suggested Materials

During the 1700s-1800s, Indian moccasins of this type were made primarily from brain-tanned deer hides. Even today, brain-tanned buckskin is the preferred choice, followed by German-tanned commercial buckskin. The hides should be of medium weight, as thick hides do not lend themselves to the gathered center seam technique.


Childs Moccasins Pattern
Code: 4799-500-206
Price: $8.95

This was standard wear for Eastern woodsmen from the French & Indian War until well after the Revolution. Includes several options for cuffs, cape and fringe treatment. Sizes M, L, XL and XXL.

Childs Moccasins Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

About Your Childs Moccasins Pattern

The Indians of the Plains and Plateau areas, men women and children alike, wore this very basic, hardsole type moccasin which was developed out of necessity as protection from the hard, and sometimes rocky ground of the prairie that was their home. Normally constructed with soft tanned elk or buckskin uppers and supple, but tough rawhide soles, they represent the most highly refined form of Native American footwear. Today they remain a popular style of moccasin and are both comfortable and durable for dancing, camping or everyday wear.

Since the Cheyenne moccasin makers have been the acknowledged masters of the art for years, we have shosen to present the typical Cheyenne style of cut and construction in this pattern. Other tribal variations are shown in examples on this cover sheet as well as the instruction themselves and are easily adapted using this basic hardsole moccasin design.

The two most challenging aspects of moccasin making are achieving a proper fit and an authentic style. The highly detailed instruction, illustrations and other information contained in this pattern represent many years of research and hands-on learning of how to make moccasins the Indian way. We would like to extend our deepest appreaciation to Nellie Stevens, Barry Hardin and Carl Jennings for their generous assistance in the development of this pattern.

Notions & Tools

Simulated or genuine sinew, beads or porcupine quills, if desired for decoration. A sharp awl is also necessary for moccasin making, along with a glovers needle for easy stitiching through leather.

Suggested Materials

Ideally, Indian-tanned buckskin or elk is used for the uppers, welt (a narrow lace that is sewn between the upper and sole), and laces, but any soft, commercially tanned leather (including elk, buckskin, split cowhide, etc. in a 4-5 oz.. weight) is very good.

Soles can be made of hand-prepared rawhide (especially for moccasin soles) or 8-10 oz. white latigo or strap leather. Genuine sinew (a thread-like muscle from the leg or back of an animal) is best for sewing on the soles, but simulated sinew is an excellent substitute and is somewhat easier to work with.

Material Requirements

Material Requirements: Tradecloth Dress Pattern from Crazy Crow Trading Post

Plains Hard Sole Moccasin Kit - Adult & Child Sizes
Code: 4826-01
Price: $39.75
First quality materials for authentic plains moccasins of the 1800s to today.

Note that the price displayed is for the base kit. Larger sizes, or buckskin in place of cowhide adds to the price (as shown in the "Style" drop- down list.

Base Kit includes:

  • 2 thick white latigo soles
  • 2 soft pieces of moccasin cowhide (or choose gold buckskin, white buckskin or smoked German Tanned buckskin) for uppers, tongues, welt & laces
  • 1 yard simulated sinew & Glover's needle
  • illustrated instructions

Northern Plains Soft Sole Moccasin Kit
Code: 4826-02
Price: $29.50

This one-piece style moccasin was popular on the Plains in the pre-1850s.

Note that the price displayed is for the base kit. Larger sizes, buckskin or elk in place of cowhide adds to the price (as shown in the "Style" drop-down list.

Base Kit includes:

  • 2 soft pieces of thick moccasin cowhide(or choose gold buckskin, gold elk & German Tanned Buckskin)
  • cowhide for laces & tongues (or choose gold buckskin, smoked German Tanned Buckskin or gold elk)
  • needle & simulated sinew
  • illustrated instructions

Cherokee/Southeastern Moccasin Kit
Code: 4826-032-001
Price: $58.00

Moccasins of the Cherokee and others of the 5 Civilized Tribes were remarkably similar, changing little from first European contact to the 1900s. This kit includes buckskin and highly illustrated instructions, loaded with information for making the 1-piece soft sole moccasins of the different tribes. They are quite easy and suprisingly fast to make. Sizes: Men's 4 thru 12; Women's: 5 thru 10.


Baby Moccasin Kit
Code: 4826-053-301
Price: $15.95

"Baby Moccaassins" can be readily made for infants and toddlers using our new kit. Using the 2-piece construction of a Plains moccasin, we provide soft buckskin for soles and uppers, simulated sinew and complete instructions. This Native American moccasin kit fits little feet up to 5" long.


Eastern Woodlands Soft Sole Moccasin Kit
Code: 4827-10
Price: $27.75

This is the typical, front-seam moccasin often adopted by the Eastern frontiersman from tribes such as the Shawnee, Sac and Fox, Iowa, Otoe, Delaware, etc.

Note that the price displayed is for the base kit. Larger sizes, or buckskin in place of cowhide adds to the price (as shown in the Style drop-down list).

Base Kit includes:

  • thick moccasin cowhide (or choose gold buckskin or Smoked German Tanned buckskin)
  • needle
  • simulated sinew
  • illustrated instructions

Buckskin High-Top Moccasin Kit
Code: 4827-99
Price: $67.00

Worn primarily by Southern Plains tribes, these legging style moccasins date from a very early period and are still in use today.

Note that the price displayed is for the base kit. Larger sizes, or white buckskin in place of gold buckskin adds to the price (as shown in the "Style" drop-down list.

Base Kit includes:

  • 2 thick white latigo soles
  • gold buckskin (or select white buckskin or Smoked German Tan buckskin) for uppers, tops, welts, fringe & laces
  • simulated sinew
  • glovers needle
  • illustrated instructions

Scratch Awl
Code: 4900-003-001
Price: $4.25
Finished hardwood handle with a sharp steel point. A real life saver when working with leather where needle holes are required to make sewing easier.

Buckskin Cleaner
Code: 6508-000-001
Price: $3.50
White clay ball that is used in cleaning white buckskin the Indian way and the best proven method. Simply rub on and brush off the excess. Use also to abrade nap from hides when tanning. Large size ball, approx. 2 diameter.

Beaded Moccasin Tops - Sioux Style
Code: 8543-600-001
Price: $69.00

Priced per pair

These beaded moccasin tops will save you hours of time, giving you a pair of nicely beaded moccasins, sneakers, or aqua shoes with very little effort! These imported tops feature authentic designs, this lazy stitch beadwork on heavy canvas panels can be easily sewn to your finished footwear. Fits mens sizes 6 to 9 but can be made larger by adding your own row of lazy stitch after they are attached to the moccasin.

See related products below for other beaded moccasin top styles.



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