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Old Barracks Museum

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101 Barrack Street
Trenton, NJ 08608 United States
(609) 396-1776 http://www.barracks.org

The Old Barracks Museum was originally built in 1758 as the Old Barracks during the French and Indian War. In 1776, it was a witness to the turning point of the American Revolution, when George Washington and 2400 Patriots defeated British and Hessian soldiers at the Battle of Trenton. The Old Barracks was at the center of the Battles of Trenton, 1776, and was used by the British and Hessians. Later, it served as a military hospital and was the site of perhaps the world’s first large-scale smallpox inoculations.

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French and Indian War
In 1758, the Barracks was the biggest building in Trenton. About 300 British and Irish soldiers were the first to live here. The building was made of stone and had dark red woodwork. There were about 20 soldiers’ rooms, each with two windows, a door and a fireplace. Twelve soldiers were housed in each room, with two men sleeping in each wooden bunk. The soldiers received rations of food, firewood, candles, cider, salt, and vinegar. There was a kitchen in the cellar, but most soldiers cooked in their rooms. In the center of the building was a little house with a staircase to the second floor and the balcony. The Officers’ House was fancier and more comfortable. Cows, pigs, chickens and horses were kept outside in the yard.

Revolutionary War
When the Revolutionary War started, the Barracks was used by American troops. British prisoners of war from St. John and Chambly, Canada, were imprisoned in the Officers House while four companies of the Second New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Line were raised here. In December, 1776, British and Hessian troops occupied Trenton. Some of them stayed in the Barracks. Colonists loyal to the English king also arrived so that they could be protected by the soldiers. During the First Battle of Trenton on Dec. 26, in a miraculously successful morning raid, General Washington captured many of the Hessians. The Americans returned to Trenton and used the Barracks. In 1777, the Barracks became an army hospital under Dr. Bodo Otto. Many soldiers and supplies passed through Trenton until the end of the war.

The Old Barracks became a State Registered Landmark in 1970, a National Register Landmark in 1971 and a National Historic Landmark in 1972. The second restoration of the Barracks began in 1985 and ended in 1998. Archaeologists, architects, historians, and specialist craftsmen worked together to determine how the Barracks was made, and how to best repair it. Today the exterior fence and parade ground emphasize the original military nature of the building.

View British Occupation Day Details

View Battles of Trenton Reenactment Detail

Battles of Trenton Reenactment - Old Barracks Museum - Trenton's Patriots Week Celebration - Trenton Downtown Association - Old Barracks Association - HM 17th Regiment of Infantry

December 2018

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DISCLAIMER: This event calendar is a free service of Crazy Crow Trading Post. We do our best to validate the information, but cannot be responsible for its accuracy. Always check with the contact information shown for each event sponsor for the latest information before making plans to attend. If you are a vendor or are looking for other event information, please use the event information provided to contact the organizers directly.