Tricorn Hat History

Tricorn Hat Development Timeline

Tricorn Hat Development Timeline
Click for larger image.

Tricorn, Cocked or Three-Cornered Hats

Perhaps one of the most iconic and easily recognizable fashions from the American Colonial era and extending throughout the Revolutionary War was the Tricorn Hat. Popular in Europe and America throughout most of the 18th century, it was known at the time as a Cocked Hat or Three-Cornered Hat. Worn by men whenever they were outside, they were sometimes worn indoors as well.

17th Century Introduction of the Tricorn Hat

Towards the end of the 17th century, the large wigs worn by some men made it impractical for them to wear the broad-brimmed hats that were then in style, and with the social etiquette of the time dictating that hats should tucked under the arm when entering a building, milliners began to fold up the sides of hats, thus making them easier to carry. This led to various sorts of folded hats, with some being cocked on one side and known as Round Hats, and with others cocked on two sides and referred to as Bicorns. However, the 3-sided hat became the dominate fashion and was seen in many variations of proportion and adornment. This folded style hat also allowed for one to show off the latest wig fashion of the time.

Tricorn Hat History - Military Adjustments

Click for larger image.

Adjustments for Military “Practicality”

The tricorn hat was worn by the aristocracy, common civilians and members of the military as well. For all but the military, the point was worn with the point facing directly forward. For soldiers, however, theirs were worn with the point above the left eye, so as not to interfere with a musket or rifle which was typically rested on the left shoulder. These military hats were normally higher in back than in front, being approximately 5″ tall and 4″ tall, respectively.

A Wide Variety of Styles

Styles ranged from plain and simple to extremely extravagant, being embellished with various trims and sometimes even sporting feathers. The brims could be decorated with a wide variety of trims, such as brocades, metallic tapes or various colors of silk ribbon edging; however, the most common form was a worsted wool braid in black or white. The typical hat body color was black, with grey and tan being popular as well. Better quality hats were made of fur felt, while the less expensive types were of wool felt.

History of the Tricorn Hat - Crazy Crow Trading Post

Click for larger image.

While beaver felt was the preferred material, others, including wool and camel’s down, were available.

Cockades & Other Decoration

Often, these hats were further enhanced by the addition a cockade, or rosette of ribbon, and button. These were not only decorative in nature but were used as a badge of office as well. In fact, General George Washington issued general orders on August 20, 1776 detailing the use of cockades to serve as identification among military personnel.

Hats for Re-Enactors – Related Products

The following items are used in the above-article, or may provide added reference and helpful information.

Tri-corn Hats

Tri-corn Hats

Product No. 4535-061-1

$39.00

Tricornes or tri-corns, were by far the most popular and widely distributed European hat of the 18th century. Worn by both civilians and the military alike, these hats could range from a very basic style to excessively lavish.

Evolved from the classic, wide-brimmed hats used in Spain, these brims were eventually turned up to funnel the rain water in wet areas. Our version replicates this iconic shape and can work for both colonial military or civilian re-enactors.

This hat is made from black wool felt and has a white sewn trim and leather sweatband. A great economical hat for period dress.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

Tricornes or tri-corns, were by far the most popular and widely distributed European hat of the 18th century. Worn by both civilians and the military alike, these hats could range from a very basic style to excessively lavish.

Evolved from the classic, wide-brimmed hats used in Spain, these brims were eventually turned up to funnel the rain water in wet areas. Our version replicates this iconic shape and can work for both colonial military or civilian re-enactors.

This hat is made from black wool felt and has a white sewn trim and leather sweatband. A great economical hat for period dress.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
Felt Hat Blanks - Heavy, Fine 100% Wool

Felt Hat Blanks - Heavy, Fine 100% Wool

Product No. 4535-994

$39.50

Create your own custom style hat for that original and authentic look! Headgear varied widely according to individual preference, as captured in period paintings of Alfred Jacob Miller and other artists, from the French & Indian War, throughout the Fur Trade and the Civil War. You can make your own unique trapper, Tricorn, round hat or slouch hat by cutting or modifying the brim, crown or crease, adding a sweatband and hatband, and further trimming it out to your taste. See the additional photos of hats that we have customized from our blanks. These fine hat blanks are made from a heavy, durable felt in 100% wool, with wide brims of approximately 4-1/2" and low, 4-1/2" high crowns.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
Felt Hat Blanks - Regular Wool

Felt Hat Blanks - Regular Wool

Product No. 4535-992

$37.50

Create your own custom style hat for that original and authentic look! Headgear varied widely, according to individual preference, as captured in period paintings of Alfred Jacob Miller and other artists, from the French & Indian War, throughout the Fur Trade and the Civil War. You can make your own unique trapper, Tricorn, round hat or slouch hat by cutting or modifying the brim, crown or crease, adding a sweatband and hatband, and further trimming it out to your taste. See the additional photos of hats that we have customized from our blanks. These hat blanks are made from a durable, 100% wool felt, with wide brims of approximately 4-1/2" and low, 4-1/2" high crowns. Or, choose our heavier, Fine Wool Felt Blanks (see related items, below).

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
Charles Bent Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Charles Bent Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Product No. 4535-091-1

$45.00

Fur Trade / Mountain Man Reenactment Hat

Named for one of the early Plains fur traders, this low-crowned style reflects the hat most commonly found amoung fur trappers of the 1800s. It features a 3-3/4" crown, 4" brim, stylish brow and brim ribbons, plus an inside sweat band. This fur trade reenactment hat can be customized by shortening the brim, adding a stampede string or horsehair or beaded hatband, etc. Available in black only.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
Jim Bridger Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Jim Bridger Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Product No. 4535-051-1

$45.00

Regular wool felt hat, available in black only. Made in the U.S.A.

An old photo of the famous trapper, explorer, and trade fort operator Jim Bridger shows him wearing this square crowned hat, which is his namesake. The 4-1/2" crown complements a 4" brim, along with brow ribbon. It also has an inside sweat band to help protect the hat and maintain its shape through much hard wear.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
High Crown Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

High Crown Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Product No. 4535-021-1

$39.50

This high crown wool felt reenactment hat is an actual authentic style widely used by Native Americans from the Northern and Central Plains to the Southwest cultures from the late 1800s into the 1900s. Settlers used them, too. Crazy Crow offers this high crown wool felt hat in the most popular color (black) of the time, and features a 4" crown and 3-1/2" brim, along with an inside sweat band and rainbow-colored brow band.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
St. Louis Top Hat

St. Louis Top Hat

Product No. 4535-112

$125.00

Be the "Cock of the Walk" with this stylish version of a gentleman's "topper" from the 1800s. From the eastern seaboard through St. Louis and on to the Rockies, this elegant hat was worn by the "upper crust" of the Fur Trade and was a favorite gift or trade item for Indian leaders. Abe Lincoln reportedly "kept his office in his top hat" by using it to store documents he carried. Made in a heavy, ultra-fine wool, our topper features a 6-1/2" tall flared crown, 2" ribbon hatband, comfortable inside sweatband and an elegantly rolled edge.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58

Replace the last three numbers with your desired Size & Color.

Topper Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Topper Regular Wool Felt Hat, Black

Product No. 4535-101-1

$33.50

Eastern gents, St. Louis high rollers, and western trading post operators were among those who chose the "top hat" as their preferred head gear. Our regular wool version comes in basic black, has a 5" tall stove pipe crown and 2-1/4" artfully curled brim. Additional style comes from the 1-1/8" wide ribbon hatband, plus a ribbon binding on the brim. Also includes an inside sweat band.

ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS:

If you do not know your hat size, measure around your head in inches or centimeters and find your size on the chart below. Select your Size No. from the drop-down list.

HAT SIZE CHART A
INCHES CENTIMETERS HAT SIZE SIZE NO.
(use above)
21-5/8" 55 6-7/8 52
21-7/8" 56 7 52
22-1/4" 57 7-1/8 54
22-5/8" 58 7-1/4 54
23" 59 7-3/8 56
23-1/4" 60 7-1/2 56
23-7/8" 61 7-5/8 58
23-7/8" 62 7-3/4 58
2017-01-30T15:05:54+00:00